Failure of process safety management on every level. Occupational health management of police officers involved. British sector north sea oil field 120 miles aberdeen scotland 4 5. Process safety training american society of safety.
Engulfed in fire, over the next few hours most of the oil rig topside modules collapsed into the sea. An occupational safety and health management system is not effective unless it is accompanied by a positive safety culture in the workplace. Piper alpha was a large north sea oil platform that started production in 1976. Piper alpha that killed 167 workers in the worlds deadliest offshore oil industry. About piper alpha 35 in 1976 platform started production of oil.
The specific series of events that turned a simple process safety incident into a disaster began with a decision to change the mode of production on the platform. Hughes risk management sample accident and incident. It was connected by an oil pipeline to flotta and by gas pipelines to two other installations. Pdf in 1998, the explosion of the piper alpha platform claimed 167 lives, making it the worlds worst offshore oil disaster. The 1988 piper alpha tragedy claimed 167 lives after a gas leak caused the oil production platform to explode in a massive ball of flames. Read chapter 2 the piper alpha and the deepwater horizon. Survivor steve rae will discuss his thoughts and experiences from piper alpha to hopefully influence how safety can be improved by us all as individuals through accepting personal accountability and. The worlds deadliest offshore oil disaster safety4sea. In the following sections we will examine the causes of the piper alpha oil rig explosion and the subsequent inquiry into the incident that claimed 167 crew members lives. The third cullen report was a result of lord cullens. Dat het aanvankelijke incident kon escaleren tot een ramp van dergelijke. The piper alpha incident described above is the condensed version of the story.
In fact you will rarely here it referred to as an incident as it has, since the day it occurred, been referred to as the piper alpha disaster. Piper alpha was an oil production platform on north sea, approximately 110 miles from aberdeen, which was operated by occidental petroleum caledonia ltd. The documentary features astonishing testimonies from men who found. The crew worked to resolve the issue before platform production was affected. Part of the problem of trying to examine this event is its complexity. It began production in 1976, initially as an oilonly platform but later converted to add gas production. Piper alpha platform, north sea offshore technology oil and gas. Also, the probability of such an accident could be made arbitrarily small by controlling the level of detail in which the accident is described. Accident investigation 4 introduction the incident covered in this study is piper alpha disaster which took place in 1988. Download limit exceeded you have exceeded your daily download allowance. Piper alpha atform from the,xlpha forll the all pi. It was a catastrophe that killed 167 men and left only 61 survivors, each of whom had to fight for their lives to escape the huge, labyrinthine structure and the flames that were consuming it.
Free enterprise, of which the oil industry is a glorious standard. What caused the giant piper alpha oil rig explosion. Its an accurate but incomplete explanation of what happened and, as such, its potentially misleading. Piper alpha was an oil production platform in the north sea approximately 120 miles 190 km northeast of aberdeen, scotland, that was operated by occidental petroleum caledonia limited. For similar platforms and for a welldefined class of accidents, however, this study is the. It is the biggest workrelated disaster scotland, the united kingdom, the north sea and the oil industry has seen in modern times. Explain how laminar and turbulent flames are formed. You are free to choose, but you are not free from the consequences of your choice. So other platforms continued production and pumping of gas for sometime which supplied additional fuel to the fire at piper. The first cullen report was prompted by occidental petroleums piper alpha disaster on 6 july 1988, in which gas condensate ignited, killing 167 of the 229 people on board the oil platform in only 22 minutes dunblane. In 1996, lord cullen led the inquiry into the massacre at dunblane primary school ladbroke grove. Piper alpha was an oil production platform in the north sea approximately 120 miles 190 km. Piper alpha is an offshore oil and gas platform that suffered an explosion in july 1988, in one of the worst.
At the time of the disaster, piper was one of the heaviest platforms along with magnus and. Piper 1 piper alpha case history the following information has been taken from the uk government publication the public inquiry into the piper alpha disaster the lord cullen report. It produced oil from 24 wells and in its early life it had also produced gas from two wells. Landmark piper alpha cullen report now free to download news. Pipe lift raft on its aunching platform efore h, init.
Remember piper alpha by taking your turnover and workpermit procedures seriously. The platform began production in 1976, first as an oil platform and then later converted to gas production. While this 5 summary has been condensed and paraphrased, it is believed to been consistent with the. Piper alpha essay sample free college essay examples. Piper alpha 25 years on have we learned the lessons. In 1978 piper alpha was modified to process and export the natural gas to comply with uk gas conservation requirements 5 6.
A mix of maintenance issues caused management to shift to an alternate mode that was rarely used and which put a higher level of stress 650 psi operating. T his month marks the 25th anniversary of the piper alpha offshore oil platform disaster in the north sea approximately 110 miles 180 km from aberdeen, scotland. About piper alpha placed at north sea, the platform began production in 1976, first as an oil platform and then later converted to gas oil production started in 1976 with about 250,000 barrels 40,000 m3 of oil per day increasing to 300,000 barrels 48,000 m3 a gas recovery m. Post jobs, find pros, and collaborate commission free in our. Some important amplifications are not drawn out and without them, the story can be easily misconstrued. Undertaken role of lead investigator for the piper alpha module recovery, personnel. An explosion and the resulting oil and gas fires destroyed it on 6 july 1988, killing 167 men, with only 61 survivors. Pdf preventable disasters in the offshore oil industry. The author headed the public inquiry into this disaster.
Importance learning from major incident piper alpha disaster. If the piper alpha disaster occurred today, discuss the current safety. Therefore, most of the personnel could not make decision to evacuate when the incident happens lord caplen,1997. Incident introduction late in the evening of 06 july 1988, a series of explosions ripped through the piper alpha platform in the north sea. As shifts changed and the night crew aboard piper alpha assumed duties for the evening, one of the platforms two condensate pumps failed. An explosion and resulting oil and gas fires destroyed piper alpha on 6 july 1988, killing 167 men.
Pdf the british offshore oil industry after piper alpha. Creating a culture of prevention in occupational safety. The piper alpha incident in1988 was thecatalyst for change regulation ofoffshore petroleum activities a number jurisdictions, as had a number of major incidents similarly driven change in major hazard industries in the previous decades, and would continue to in. It was caused by a massive fire, which was not the result of an unpredictable act of god but of an accumulation of errors and questionable decisions. The piper alpha incident in 1988 was the catalyst for change in the regulation of offshore petroleum activities in a number of jurisdictions, as had a number of major incidents similarly driven change in major hazard industries in the previous decades, and would continue to in. As a result he recommends that the safety regulations with. This is piper alpha spiral to disaster bbc by green world group on vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. The real story of the burning platform conner partners. The piper alpha disaster which killed 167 workers on 6 july 1988 off the coast of aberdeen is the worldsdeadliest ever oil rig accident. Pdf this article compares two industrial disasters in the offshore oil industry, the explosion and fire on piper alpha off the coast of scotland in. On july 6, 1988, a series of catastrophic explosions and fires destroyed the platform. In 1988, piper alpha endured a gas leak with the subsequent fire and explosion reducing her to a wreck, ending up on the bottom of the north sea. The incident that changed the whole industry piper alphawas anorth sea oil platform operated by occidental petroleumwhich began production in 1976 as an oil platform which later was converted to gas production an explosion and the resulting fires destroyed the entire platform on 6 th of july 1988, killing 167 workers the total insured loss of the platform was approximately 1. Like many other offshore platforms, piper alpha had an automatic.
For instance, an action as simple as misplacing a permittowork certificate was just one of the root causes of the piper alpha incident in the north sea. Outline the events and conditions that lead to the disaster and multiple deaths that occurred. The explosion and fire on the piper alpha platform, 6 july. Piper alpha was a north sea oil production platform operated by occidental petroleum caledonia ltd. Fire in the night relives the tragic events that occurred on the piper alpha rig on 6th july 1988. Pdf this article compares two industrial disasters in the offshore oil industry, the explosion and fire.
The occupational health management of police officers involved in the piper alpha incident is described with reference to the factors likely to cause either physical or psychological distress and the measures taken to overcome these. The accident that occurred on board the offshore platform piper alpha in july 1988 killed 167 people and cost billions of dollars in property damage. The piper alpha tragedy piper alpha was a large fixed structure platform located about 120 miles north east of aberdeen that was linked to two other platforms. Over 30 years after the piper alpha oil platform suffered multiple explosions. There are other parallels that can be drawn from piper alpha, too, in management, cultural and technical failures that contributed to the loss of the oil rig and 167 lives. The public inquiry into the piper alpha disaster journal. Landmark piper alpha cullen report now free to download. At the time of the piper alpha incident the workforce lived in a world where cuttingedge technology was a fax machine, so the first that those working offshore knew of the incident was through newspapers. Innovative free cooling for data centres efficient ahu selection to reduce chillerahu sizing understanding the natura 2000 network and appropriate assessment. Accidents such as the piper alpha disaster illustrate that the performance of a highly complex sociotechnical system, is dependent upon the interaction of technical, human, social, organisational. Many organizations that have introduced new occupational health and safety management strategies have failed to show improved effectiveness because these strategies did not consider the impact of the organizational culture.349 1563 583 1368 1540 670 1289 1449 1584 847 305 1131 498 1595 77 1562 710 1536 900 285 650 463 1027 661 1149 667 507 241 64 1251 1127 275 498 1345 1086 1470 1181 42 1090